What is Risperdal?
Risperdal is an antipsychotic product of the new generation. It has recently appeared on the pharmaceutical market – about 20 years ago. It is a short period by medical standards, and that is why the drug is considered one of the newest and effective on the market.
Risperdal is often used for the treatment of the acute psychoses but its action is really broad. It binds to the receptors of serotonin and dopamine and regulates a production of these neurotransmitters. Depending on a patient’s state, moderate or intensive inhibition of the synthesis of these ingredients happens in the tissues of the central nervous system and brain.
Unlike many antipsychotic drugs, Risperdal does not affect a motor activity. Moreover, due to the balances antagonism to serotonin and dopamine receptors in the central nervous system, Risperdal does not cause a development of the neuroleptic side effects. Patients who have taken antipsychotic products should know this matter. The symptoms are tremor, habit spasms, dystonia, and others.
The action of the drug begins within 24 hours after the started treatment. But many patients cannot feel a therapeutic effect at once depending on diagnosis and changes in the central nervous system. An optimal action is usually achieved within a week when a patient has a reaction to the use of Risperdal, and a psychological health is gradually improved.
Who should take Risperdal?
Risperdal is prescribed to reduce symptoms during the acute state of the mental disorders:
- Acute psychosis
- Acute attack of schizophrenia
- Affective symptoms in patients with schizophrenia – guilt, anxiety, depression
- Exacerbation of mania during bipolar disorder
- Behavioral disorders
Risperdal in low doses is effective to control the functions of the central nervous system during chronic mental disorders.
How to take Risperdal?
Risperdal is not prescribed in the maximal dose at once. The pills are used in the dose of 0,25-2 mg per day, and depending on an intensity of the therapeutic effect, a dose is gradually increased. An effective dose of Risperdal is usually 4-6 mg per day 2-3 times.
The use of higher doses does not cause a significant medical improvement of the mental disorders but a risk of the extrapyramidal syndrome grows.
What are side effects?
It is incorrect to say that Risperdal does not cause side effects. Some negative reactions may happen during the treatment, even though they are not common like during the use of other antipsychotics.
The use of Risperdal often causes such side effects as anxiety, urination disorders, dry skin, high level of prolactin, sleepiness, fatigue, or dyspepsia.
If the side effects bring psychological or physiological discomfort, go to a doctor.
- Patients with the diseases of the cardiovascular system should consult a cardiologist at first. They may be prescribed an individual scheme of the use of Risperdal or recommend another medicine
- The increase of the dose of Risperdal may be accompanied by the increase of hypotension. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly control the blood pressure. If hypotension is expressed, reduce the speed of the daily dose increase
- Risperdal should be used carefully in combination with other drugs of the central action.