Every child has a certain set of signs of the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD). This disease is manifested in the form of the high activity and impulsion, and some children just stop interacting with the external world. Ritalin will help to cope with any symptoms of the ADHD and will change a child’s life for better.
Ritalin is a stimulant of the central nervous system which is often used for the treatment of the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome in children. It contains an active ingredient Methylphenidate.
Before, Ritalin used to treat chronic fatigue and lack of energy (asthenia) but the medical studies found out that it could improve the brain work. The mechanism of the action of Ritalin consists in the stimulation of the receptors of noradrenaline and dopamine which provide a light agitating action to the central nervous system and improve the higher brain functions.
Using Ritalin removes impulsion, make a human more attentive and sedulous, causes an interest to learning new information, and improves an interaction with society.
Despite a stimulation of the higher brain functions (like cocaine and amphetamine), Ritalin does not cause euphoria during the use of the therapeutic doses. But the non-observance of the instructions for the use and dosage regimen may cause a development of the medical addiction.
Indications for the use
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adults
- Reduction of the cognitive functions of the brain
- Autism Treatment
- Maintenance therapy after stroke
- Treatment and prevention of narcolepsy.
In what dose is Ritalin used?
Treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, the optimal dose of Ritalin is 1 mg per 1 kg of the body weight. If a child weighs 30 mg, the daily dose of Ritalin will be 30 mg. The daily dose is taken once, in the morning, and with a full glass of water.
The higher doses are pointless because a therapeutic effect will be hardly improved but the excessive stimulation of the central nervous system may cause side effects.
Ritalin pills are used within 4-12 weeks depending on the severity of the ADHD. The dose of Ritalin is not changed for adults with ADHD.
In case of the overdose with Ritalin, the following side effects are possible: tachycardia, feeling of fever (hyperthermia), hallucinations, angina, visual disturbances, hypertensive crisis, allergic and skin reactions.
A prolonged use of Ritalin in high doses can lead to the development of an acute psychoses.
- Do not use Ritalin with other psychostimulants and drugs which interact with the central nervous system
- Adults should refuse from the alcohol consumption during the use of Ritalin
- Ritalin is not used with MAO inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants
- Due to the intense stimulating action, Ritalin is not taken during psychoses, neuroses, anxious disorders and other mental disorders
- If a patient has chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, consult a cardiologist before using Ritalin
- Do not take Ritalin during pregnancy and lactation.