What is Tetracycline?
Tetracycline is a medical product having an antimicrobial action. This product has a broad antimicrobial action. The pharmacological characteristics of Tetracycline are conditioned by its ability to bind to specific receptors in the cells of the disease-causing microorganisms, and so a protein synthesis of microbial cell is affected.
The bacteriostatic action appears quickly. The improvement of the symptoms of most diseases occurs within 2-3 days. The treatment usually takes up to 10 days. In rare cases, a longer antibacterial therapy may be required during chronic infectious processes.
Tetracycline antibiotic is added to Model List of Essential Medicines, a list of the medicines which are confirmed by WHO as the most important ones in the medical practice.
Who should take Tetracycline?
Tetracycline is prescribed patients over 8 years old during different forms of the infectious diseases: chlamydia infections, airway tract infections, infections of the organs of the abdominal cavity, gynecological and urological infections, skin infections, and infectious affection of eyes.
This antibiotic is used only during the acute state of the infectious processes. It is ineffective during prevention of infections.
How to take Tetracycline?
Using Tetracycline, it is necessary to keep to the therapeutic doses:
- Adults and children over 12 years old are prescribed 1-2 pills of Tetracycline 500 mg 2 times per day (every 12 hours) to treat infections
- Children at the age of 8 to 12 years are prescribed 250 mg of Tetracycline 2-4 times per day
- The maximal daily dose is 3 g for adilts and children
A daily dose of Tetracycline depends on a patient’s age, type of infection, severity of infection, chronic diseases that may complicate a metabolism of the active ingredients of the antibiotic.
The pills of Tetracycline should be used one hour before meals and taken with clear water. Do not take the pills with juice in order to keep a process of the absorption of the active ingredients in the gastro-intestinal tract.
What are side effects?
Tetracycline is one of the safest antibiotics, and therefore it is well tolerated. In rare cases, dyspeptic symptoms, temporal dysfunction of kidneys and liver, pancreatitis, dizziness, skin pigmentation, and darkening of enamel may happen.
In case of the moderate course of the side effects, the treatment is continued but if allergic reactions or any severe reactions happened, stop taking the antibiotic and go to a doctor.
- Children under 8 years old are not prescribed Tetracycline. It may cause a stable darkening of enamel or bad formation of enamel. Therefore, there are restrictions at age
- Pregnant women are also not recommended to take Tetracycline. If a onetime use of the antibiotic in low doses may be in the 1 term, the drug is prohibited in 2 and 3 terms
- If an attack of the liver disease happens, or bleedings occur in the organs of the gastro-intestinal tract during the treatment (due to gastric ulcer), the treatment should be stopped.